What Causes Wrinkles and Sagging Skin? And What to Do About it

A beautiful woman studies herself in the mirror.

What Causes Wrinkles and Sagging Skin? And What to Do About it

Wrinkles. We all worry about how we’ll age and what we can do to prevent or fix wrinkles and sagging skin, hoping we’ll maintain a more youthful appearance for as long as possible. Ever wondered why your skin starts to show all those signs of aging? This article will deal with what causes wrinkles and sagging, how to prevent them, and how to still look your youthful best as you age. 

What causes wrinkles and sagging?

Losing skin’s youthful bounce and glow is inevitable for all of us, but once you understand what causes wrinkles on the forehead or what causes wrinkles under the eyes, you can take steps to create a more beautiful you at any age.

Reduced production of proteins and oils as we age

Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body and is critical for maintaining skin elasticity. Unfortunately, as you age, collagen production slows down, so the collagen isn’t replaced when the skin is damaged. Since collagen is a crucial factor in elasticity, the skin will no longer be able to expand or contract with changes in volume and will start to sag. 

The loss of collagen, too, means that the sebaceous glands or oil glands slow down production, so the skin loses its natural protective layer of oils and will dry out, leaving it prone to wrinkles.

The environment

Skin can be damaged by exposure to the sun, and pollution can cause early wrinkling. Ultraviolet light from the sun breaks down collagen and elastin in the dermis (the deeper layer of the skin). The loss of that supportive framework means the skin is weaker and will wrinkle and sag. 

Air pollution also harms the skin. Though the skin is a biological barrier against oxides, hydrocarbons, and volatile organic compounds, ongoing exposure may throw the skin off balance and cause damage to the skin that results in aging or inflammatory skin conditions.

Our habits

Our repeated facial movements, like squinting or smiling, can create fine lines and wrinkles. Bad habits such as smoking, drinking, or drug use will damage the skin past the body’s natural processes for renewal. Smoking increases matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) levels which degrade collagen leading to premature aging. 

How to prevent wrinkles and sagging

If you want healthy, glowing skin, you need to do most, if not all, of the things listed below. 

Reduce alcohol consumption

Reduce your alcohol intake to keep your skin hydrated. Quit smoking to reduce unnecessary skin damage.

Treat yourself right

Eat a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, and avoid sugar and refined foods. Drink plenty of water and get enough sleep.

Protect your skin from the sun

Keep the amount of direct sunlight exposure to a minimum. Wear protective clothing like long-sleeved shirts, sunglasses, and wide-brimmed hats. Wear a broad spectrum sunscreen of sun protection factor (SPF) 30 and re-apply after swimming or perspiring.

Skin cleansing and moisturizing

Wash your face twice a day and more if there is a build-up of sweat. Moisturize regularly, at least every morning and evening, to prevent skin drying out.

How to resolve wrinkles and sagging

Fortunately, there are noninvasive, safe, and effective methods to help rejuvenate your skin. Here are a few of the many options open to you.

Multiple types of injectables

For wrinkles on the face, Botox or Dysport injections will relax facial muscles so they don’t contract, which leads to fewer wrinkles and frown lines. These treatments are convenient, fast, inexpensive, need no downtime, and generally last four to six months.

Another option is dermal fillers such as Juvéderm. Dermal fillers (hyaluronic acid) are injected under the skin and add support, lessening the appearance of wrinkles. Patients can experience some swelling and bruising following treatment. Dermal filler treatments can last up to two years.

Laser and broadband treatments

Laser and broadband light treatments such as Halo and Fractora can rejuvenate wrinkled and sagging skin. These treatments buff and polish the outer skin and target the deeper layers, prompting the skin to produce collagen, which supports the skin’s structure, reducing sagging and wrinkles.

Chemical peel

A chemical peel is a cosmetic treatment that improves the skin’s appearance on the face, neck, or hands. The treatment exfoliates the skin, revealing a layer of smoother, more youthful-looking skin. Chemical peels can be superficial, medium, and deep so the chemical peel before and after results can be dramatic with limited side effects.

Anti-wrinkle treatments at PSSC If you’re online, looking for a “chemical peel near me,” PSSC can help. PSSC offers a full range of skin tightening treatments, including radio frequency skin tightening and chemical peels.  A consultation with one of our medical aesthetician will help you understand what treatment is best for you. Don’t wait! The path to the new you is only one consultation away. Contact PSSC today.

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